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'Loving Learning, Learning Skills for Life'

Year 4

Working Scientifically (Key Concepts)

  • Ask relevant questions and use different types of scientific enquiry (testing, observing, researching) to answer them, including using secondary sources such as nonfiction texts and online research.
  • Make systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, take accurate measurements using a range of equipment, including thermometers, online decibel measure and data loggers.
  • Make decisions about different enquiries, including recognising when a fair test is necessary and begin to identify variables.
  • Identify similarities/ differences/ changes when talking about scientific processes.
  • Use and begin to create simple classification keys.
  • Choose appropriate ways to record and present information, findings and conclusions for different audiences (e.g. graphs, displays, oral or written explanations).
  • Use results to identify patterns and relationships to draw simple conclusions, make predictions and suggest improvements.
  • Use scientific evidence to support their findings.


Animals including Humans

  • Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.
  • Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.
  • Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.


Living Things and their Habitats

  • Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways.
  • Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living
  • things in their local and wider environment.
  • Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things.



  • Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with vibration.
  • Recognise sound vibrations travel through a medium to the ear.
  • Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.
  • Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations.
  • Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases.



  • Identify common appliances that run on electricity.
  • Construct a simple series electrical circuit, naming its basic parts, e.g. cells, wires, bulbs,  switches and buzzers.
  • Identify if a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on if the lamp is part of a  complete loop with a battery.
  • Recognise a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.
  • Recognise some common conductors and insulators and associate metals with being good conductors.


Everyday Materials

  • Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.
  • Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C).
  • Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.

Log of House Points

  • Maple 2554
  • Beech 2477
  • Oak 2648